RSS Feed This is an RSS Feed en Tue, 25 Feb 2020 21:55:54 +0000 Tue, 25 Feb 2020 21:55:54 +0000 5 Ana-Lab Awards Charles H. Whiteside Municipal Grant to Texas Cities <p>Tobi Duckworth, Ana-Lab Corporation CEO, has announced the winners for the 2019 Charles H. Whiteside Municipal Grant. Mr. Duckworth stated, “Ana-Lab is a leading environmental laboratory with a rich history in supporting our communities and we are proud to be able to offer such an award to deserving clients.”</p><p>The City of Lefors in the Texas Panhandle Region was recognized as the Small Municipality winner and the Brownsville Public Utility Board in the South Texas Rio Grande Valley Region was recognized as the Large Municipality winner. Each city received a grant in the amount of $5,000 (USD).</p><p>Ashley Fenix, Panhandle Regional Manager stated, “The City of Lefors is more than deserving in receiving such an award that will help them with training and licensing of their water system employees, as well as enabling them to purchase needed equipment.” Joel Manjarrez, Rio Grande Valley Regional Manager added, “The Brownsville Public Utility Board is a long-time Ana-Lab customer and I know the grant will be put to good use to provide training for their personnel.”</p><p>The grant was established in honor of founder and President Emeritus, Charles H. Whiteside to help with offsetting day to day operational expenses such as needed equipment, training, personnel or other essential items for municipality clients. The award is given to both a small and large municipality based on need. They are nominated by Ana-Lab Corporation Regional Managers and selected by a review board. The nomination and application process begin each January with winners announced the following May. Participants must be current clients of Ana-Lab Corporation. </p><p><i>Headquartered in Kilgore, Texas, but with offices throughout Texas, Oklahoma and Louisiana, Ana-Lab Corporation was founded in 1965 and has been providing superior analytical laboratory services to clients nationwide for over half a century. </i><a href=""><i><u></u></i></a></p> Thu, 13 Jun 2019 05:00:00 +0000 Public Health Concern - Low Level Mercury <p align="center">Low Level Mercury</p><p>Mercury is one of the top ten chemicals that have become a major public health concern.&nbsp; Although mercury exists in nature in soil, water, and air, the increasing presence of mercury in the environment is mainly caused by human activity.&nbsp; Typically, since the industrial revolution, the release of mercury into the environment is exponentially increased through coal fired power generation plants, residential heating and cooking using coal, mining, and waste incinerating, as well as the other industrial processes.&nbsp;&nbsp; Mercury may have toxic effects on the nervous, digestive, and immune systems; on the lungs, kidneys, skin and eyes.&nbsp; Exposure to mercury even with small amounts may cause serious health problems and is a threat to child development in-utero and in early stages of life.&nbsp; A well-known example of mercury's toxic effects on public health is an incident reported in Minamata, Japan where 50,000 people were affected to some extent, while in the most severe cases people suffered brain damage, paralysis, incoherent speech, and delirium.&nbsp; The investigation found the mercury pollution there was caused by waste water discharge from a factory that produced acetic acid.</p><p>Once in the environment, mercury can be converted by bacteria to methyl mercury which can bio-accumulate in fish or shellfish.&nbsp; Because of this, the amount of mercury can magnify in the body of large predatory fish through eating mercury containing smaller fish who acquire mercury through ingestion of mercury contaminated plankton.&nbsp;&nbsp; Once methyl mercury is ingested in the human body, more than 90% is absorbed into the blood from the gastrointestinal tract.&nbsp; It then can cross the blood-brain barrier and accumulates in the tissue of any organ.</p><p>People may be exposed to mercury in any of its forms and in different circumstances.&nbsp; However, eating mercury contaminated fish is a primary cause of mercury exposure presently.&nbsp; As a result, people who rely on subsistence fishing and people who consume a lot of fish in their diet are one of two groups of people that are more susceptible to the effects of mercury poisoning. The other group of people who are more sensitive to the effects of mercury are fetuses during their development.&nbsp; Mercury can adversely affect the growth of brain and nervous system of a baby which can result in the impairment of his/her cognitive thinking, memory, language, fine motor and visual spatial skills.</p><p>Because mercury is ubiquitous in our environment, it poses a real challenge to maintain a clean environment.&nbsp; As a result, a lot of states' permits increasingly require compliance to a lower water effluent limit for mercury.&nbsp; The low-level mercury method provides an ability to assess compliance with mercury water quality standards below 0.2 ug/L.&nbsp; Additionally, in accordance with the Clean Water Act (CWA), the permit requires the surface water discharge to be analyzed using a sufficiently sensitive method so that reasonable assurance can be provided to prevent the future will be not violated.&nbsp; CWA also requires NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) permits to include effluent limitations that are as stringent as necessary to meet water quality standards.&nbsp; Over the past few years, we have seen more and more of our clients switch to low level mercury testing from traditional high-level mercury analysis.</p><p>Ana-Lab adopted EPA Method 245.7 for analysis of low level mercury with a detection limit of 0.6 ng/L, which is close to the minimum quantization limit of EPA Method 1631E (0.5 ng/L). As a result, our low-level mercury analysis will satisfy the requirements for EPA 1631E.</p><p>When using low-level mercury analysis, clean sample handling techniques should be applied to sample collection to preclude the sample contamination.&nbsp; It is also recommended to collect at least one blank at each site when the sample is collected. The blank may either be an equipment blank or a field blank. Field blanks should be collected only if no equipment other than the sample container is used to collect samples.&nbsp; If the sampling procedure involves using additional equipment, such as a pump and pump tubing, an equipment blank should be collected.</p><p>For additional information about sample collection, bottle requirements, and analysis, please do not hesitate to contact us so that we may assist you.</p><p align="center"><br></p><p>&nbsp;</p> Wed, 11 Jul 2018 05:00:00 +0000 Are Nonylphenols Cause for Concern? <p>Nonylphenols (NPs), from its name you can guess it is a phenol that has a nine-carbon chain attached to it.&nbsp; Therefore, NPs are a family of alkylphenol and the alkyl chain can be attached to any position of the phenol.&nbsp; Among all the isomers, a branched 4-nonylphenol is the most widely used NP.&nbsp; The largest industry application for 4-NP is in the manufacture of nonionic surfactants due to the stability, excellent wetting, emulsifying property of 4-nonylphenol ethoxylate (4-NPE).&nbsp; Those nonionic surfactants have been used in commercial and household cleaning products, such as detergents, shampoos, lotions, liquid cosmetics.&nbsp; The other area of their application includes used as antioxidant, corrosion inhibitors, pesticides, chemical and heat stabilizers.&nbsp;&nbsp; </p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>NPs are known to be very toxic to wildlife, particularly aquatic organisms.&nbsp; Like well-publicized bisphenol A, NPs exhibit estrogenic effects in the body.&nbsp; This type of compound is classified as an endocrine disruptor which usually functions by mimicking hormone through its binding with an estrogen receptor and acting competitively against natural estrogen.&nbsp; NP's hormone-like effect was first discovered by accident when it was found that existence of NP contaminated the experiment results conducted with natural estrogen. The subsequent researches have shown NPs can displace the estrogen in a fish from its receptor.&nbsp; Male fish exposed to NPs has resulted in lower testicular weight. The other effects of NPs include feminization of fish, reduction of male fertility.&nbsp;&nbsp; </p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Due to their physical–chemical characteristics, such as low solubility and high hydrophobicity, NPs accumulate in environmental compartments.&nbsp; NPEs degrade into NPs when they reach sewage treatment facilities.&nbsp; Besides of sewage sludge, NPs are also found in other matrices such as effluents from sewage treatment, river water and sediments, soil and groundwater.&nbsp; Because many NPs containing products used for cleaning have down-the-drain application, they are handily and frequently introduced into the water supply.&nbsp;&nbsp; NPs are however not readily biodegradable. Their half-lives in sediment are estimated to be more than 60 years.&nbsp; So, the sewage sludge if being recycled into agricultural land will result in contamination to the crops from which they are grown.&nbsp; NPs' other environmental impacts include feminization of aquatic organisms, decrease in male fertility and the survival of juveniles at a concentration as low as 8.2 μg/l.&nbsp; Due to their harmful effects, the use and production of NPs have been banned in EU countries and strictly monitored in many other countries such as Canada and Japan.&nbsp; In 2005, EPA set Ambient Water Quality Criteria (AWQC) for NPs for fresh water (FW) and salt water (SW) as below:</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; AWQC, FW&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; one-hour average&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 28 ug/L</p><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;AWQC, FW&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; four-day average&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 6.6 ug/L</p><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;AWQC, SW&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; one-hour average&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 7&nbsp;&nbsp; ug/L</p><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;AWQC, SW&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; four-day average&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1.7 ug/L</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>These criteria are not to be exceeded more than once every 3 years.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>In 2014, EPA proposed a significant new use rule (SNUR) that will require the manufacturer to submit to EPA for review whenever the use of any of the 15 NPs and/or NPEs is started or resumed.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>In our lab, we have developed a method using GC-MS to analyze NP with a detection limit of 2.22 ug/L.&nbsp; <strong><u>We are among the few labs with the capability to test this parameter</u></strong>.&nbsp; If you have any questions about this testing, please feel free to contact us.</p> Wed, 30 May 2018 05:00:00 +0000 Water Quality Parameters (WQPs) <p><br></p><p align="center" style="text-align: left;">In my blog post several weeks ago, I wrote about the Lead Copper Rule (LCR). I mentioned that from time to time, the metals can leak from water pipes or fixtures into the water system by corrosion. The corrosion is a process through which metal has oxidized to form a cation. The cation is water soluble thus it can migrate from the metal surfaces into water. Most of metals can be corroded to some degree which takes place in the same way as to how a battery functions when two different metals are connected through a media called electrolyte. However, the rate and extent of the corrosion depends on the metal, media and environment. In the case of a water system, the corrosion can be affected by the following conditions:</p><p> </p><p>1. pH. Either low pH or high pH can both cause corrosion. At a low pH, the water is acidic under which most of the metals whose redox potentials are low can be oxidized. At a high pH, the water may become vulnerable to bacteria (such as sulfur reducing bacteria) induced corrosion.</p><p> </p><p>2. Dissolved solid (TDS). The water that has low TDS is called soft water. The corrosion can occur in soft water due to lack of dissolved cations, such as calcium and magnesium in the water because the presence of those minerals tends to form a coating on the metal surface thus slowing down the dissolution of the metal from metal pipe. Water contains a high level of TDS when there is large amount of sodium, chloride or other ions present. High TDS water means it has high conductivity thus promoting corrosivity.</p><p> </p><p>3. Chloride to Sulfate. The mass ration of two (CSMR) along with alkalinity is related to galvanic corrosion. An elevated CSMR can increase the potential for galvanic corrosion of water system. In fact, research conducted by Dr. Edwards from Virginia Tech concluded that it was a change of CSMR ratio that caused the deterioration of metal corrosion in the Flint water crisis. Prior to water crisis, the city of Flint, Michigan had switched water treatment materials from sulfate-based aluminum to chloride based in order to save money.</p><p> </p><p>Under Lead Copper Rule (LCR), the parameters like pH, conductivity, ion concentrations, and TDS are used to evaluate the quality of the water flowing through the distribution system. TCEQ requires all Public Water Systems (PWS's) with a population over 50,000, new PWS's of all population and any PWS's that have exceeded the action levels (0.015 mg/L for lead and 1.3 mg/L for copper) to test for the water quality parameters (WQPs). Orthophosphate is a common chemical used as an inhibitor for water treatment. If it is used for water treatment, it is also required to be included in the testing of WQP.</p><p> </p><p>In compliance with LCR, TCEQ published public water system guidance in terms of how to do monitoring and sampling for WQP testing. TCEQ will use WQP results to evaluate if drinking water is corrosive and determine effectiveness of the water treatment program in order to prevent corrosion. </p><p> </p><p>The info about WQP can be found on the TCEQ website at:</p><p><a href=""><u></u></a></p><p> </p><p>1. How many WQP samples are needed if required</p><p> </p><p> </p><table width="607" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="128"> <p align="left"><b>System Size</b></p> <p align="left"><b> </b></p> </td> <td width="191"> <p align="left"><b>Number of sites for</b></p> <p align="left"><b>Initial/Routine monitoring</b></p> </td> <td width="288"> <p align="left"><b>Number of sites for Reduced monitoring:</b></p> <p align="left"><b> </b></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="128"> <p>More than 100,000</p> </td> <td width="191"> <p>25</p> </td> <td width="288"> <p>10</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="128"> <p>10,001 to 100,000</p> </td> <td width="191"> <p>10</p> </td> <td width="288"> <p>7</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="128"> <p>3,301 to 10,000</p> </td> <td width="191"> <p>3</p> </td> <td width="288"> <p>3</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="128"> <p>501 to 3,300</p> </td> <td width="191"> <p>2</p> </td> <td width="288"> <p>2</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="128"> <p>101 to 500</p> </td> <td width="191"> <p>1</p> </td> <td width="288"> <p>1</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="128"> <p>100 or fewer</p> </td> <td width="191"> <p>1</p> </td> <td width="288"> <p>1</p> </td> </tr> </tbody></table><p> </p><p> </p><p>2. When should you do it?</p><p>Sample twice quarterly within a 6-month monitor period.</p><p> </p><p>3. Where do you get the containers for WQP sample?</p><p>From TCEQ approved and/or accredited labs.</p><p> </p><p>4. How do you get the data of pH and temperature?</p><p>pH and temperature must be obtained in the field by sample collector. Prior to measuring those on-site data, PWS's must have documented approval from TCEQ.</p><p> </p><p>5 The other requirements about sample collection, preservation and labeling can be found from the link shown below:</p><p> </p><p><a href=""><u></u></a></p><p> </p><p> </p><p><em><strong>Should you have questions or need additional information on Water Quality Parameters (WQPs) or need water testing services, please contact us at 903-984-0551. Ana-Lab Corp. has been been providing superior analytical lab services since 1965.</strong></em></p><p><i> </i></p> Wed, 23 May 2018 05:00:00 +0000 Do You Know What's on Your Non-Stick Pan? <p>If you have used a non-stick pan to fry food at home, you must have noticed the black coating on the cook surface of the metal pan.&nbsp; This layer of coating is made of fluoropolymers, which also has a commercial name under the Teflon™ brand. Because of the presence of organic fluorine, it renders the surface of the pan a unique property, such as water and oil repellant.&nbsp; </p><p>Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), also known as C8, is an essential processing aid during the production of the above-mentioned fluoropolymers.&nbsp; Besides this application, PFOA has also been widely used in other industrial products, such as carpets, leathers, textiles, paper packaging, etc.&nbsp; The existence of PFOA in the environment is mainly from discharge of waste water in a manufacturing plant of fluoropolymers.&nbsp; PFOA can also be generated from the degradation of precursors of fluoropolymers.&nbsp; Surface and ground water susceptible to PFOA contamination could become a concern due to the use by other industries and product disposal from municipal and industrial waste sites.&nbsp; </p><p>PFOA is a highly stable compound due to the strong carbon-fluorine bond.&nbsp; This stability is desirable as a product but is a cause of environmental concern because of its resistance from degradation by natural processes such as metabolism, hydrolysis, photolysis or bio-degradation resulting in its longer lifetime in the environment.&nbsp; Historically, PFOA has been reported in waste water, soils and bio-solids.&nbsp; The research on PFOA has demonstrated its toxicity for animals and some associations with human health parameters and potential health effects such as kidney and testicular cancer, thyroid disease, high cholesterol, etc.&nbsp; </p><p>The EPA began requiring public water systems (PWS's) to monitor PFOA and Perfluorooctanoic Sulfonate (PFOS) in 2012 under the Third Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3).&nbsp; The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) amended in 1996 requires EPA issue a new list of no more than 30 unregulated contaminants to be monitored by PWS's every five years.&nbsp; In 2016, the EPA published drinking water health advisories for PFOA and PFOS to assist federal and state drinking water systems in protecting public health when the chemicals are present in drinking water.&nbsp; The levels of PFOA and PFOS concentration under which adverse health effects are not anticipated to occur over a lifetime of exposure are 0.07ppb.&nbsp;&nbsp; In 2016, the Environmental Working Group (EWG) has published an analysis based on the monitoring reports submitted to EPA covering 5,000 PWS's in 45 states and the district of Columbia.&nbsp; The finding from this analysis indicated the presence of unsafe levels of PFOA in about 0.3 % of PWS’s.</p><h5><strong>Concerned about PFOA and PFOS? Ana-Lab Corporation can test both using LC-MS (EPA method 537).&nbsp; Should you need testing or have questions about testing, please contact us. </strong></h5><p><strong><em>Ana-Lab has been offering superior analytical lab services since 1965. </em></strong></p> Wed, 16 May 2018 05:00:00 +0000 Lead Exposure & Lead Copper Rule (LCR) <p align="center"><br></p><p>Lead exposure has been a public health concern for over decades. The accumulative scientific studies have demonstrated even low-level lead exposure over a period of time can cause adverse health effects on adults and typically children. </p><p> </p><p>Why is lead hazardous to the human body? The main reason is attributed to its similarity to calcium, a building block for human bone. Lead, when being dissolved, can replace and function as calcium. Because of this, the research indicated over 90% of lead in the human body is stored in bone. The stored lead in bone can migrate into blood during the period of heightened bone turnover, such as pregnancy when lead is released from bones as maternal calcium and transferred through the blood stream to the fetus to help the bones formation. </p><p> </p><p>In serious cases this can reduce the growth of the fetus and result in premature birth. Due to similar effects, lead is more harmful to infants and young children than adults. The studies have shown even low levels of lead in children can cause heath issues, such as behavioral and learning problems; lower IQ and hyperactivity, etc. </p><p> </p><p>How lead can get into drinking water? It is through corroded service pipes and fixtures. Homes built before 1986 are more likely to have lead pipes, fixtures and solder which can leak lead into the water system by corrosion. To address the corrosion issue of lead and copper into drinking water, in 1991 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the Lead Copper Rule (LCR) under the authority of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). The regulation was revised in 2000 and 2007. EPA delegates primary enforcement responsibility (also called primacy) for public water systems (PWSs) to states and tribes if they meet certain requirements.</p><p> </p><p>In light of a very publicized Flint water crisis, the EPA has requested that states take action to ensure LCR is being properly implemented. Texas achieved final primacy approval for the LCR Minor Revisions in 2006 and LCR Short Term Revision in 2012. On behalf of the state of Texas, Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) is responsible for overseeing the program that ensures production, treatment, delivery and protection of safe and adequate drinking water to the public. </p><p> </p><p>TCEQ has required the community and non-transient non-community PWSs in Texas to monitor LCR starting from 2016 to ensure the LCR and primacy requirements are implemented. The protocols and procedures that TCEQ uses for implementing the LCR are consistent with EPA's guidelines and are shown from the link below:</p><p> </p><p> <u><a href="" rel="nofollow"></a></u></p><p> </p><p> </p><p><b>The requirements for sampling (when and how many) are listed below:</b></p><p> </p><p> </p><table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="188"> <p>System Size</p> <p>(number of people served)</p> </td> <td width="190"> <p>Number of sites for</p> <p>Initial/Routine monitoring</p> </td> <td width="287"> <p>Number of sites for Reduced monitoring:</p> <p>1YR, 3YR, or 9YR</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="188"> <p>More than 100,000</p> </td> <td width="190"> <p>100</p> </td> <td width="287"> <p>50</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="188"> <p>10,001 to 100,000</p> </td> <td width="190"> <p>60</p> </td> <td width="287"> <p>30</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="188"> <p>3,301 to 10,000</p> </td> <td width="190"> <p>40</p> </td> <td width="287"> <p>20</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="188"> <p>501 to 3,300</p> </td> <td width="190"> <p>20</p> </td> <td width="287"> <p>10</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="188"> <p>101 to 500</p> </td> <td width="190"> <p>10</p> </td> <td width="287"> <p>5</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="188"> <p>100 or fewer</p> </td> <td width="190"> <p>5</p> </td> <td width="287"> <p>5</p> </td> </tr> </tbody></table><p> </p><p> </p><p><strong>Initial Sampling</strong>: Systems must complete two (2) rounds of consecutive six-month sampling. The monitoring periods for collection are:</p><p> </p><p> 6M1: Jan 1 - June 30, analytical results are due to TCEQ no later than <strong>July 10</strong></p><p> 6M2: July 1 - Dec 31, analytical results are due to TCEQ no later than <strong>Jan 10</strong></p><p><strong>Reduced Sampling</strong>: Systems that have completed their two (2) rounds of initial sampling can be reduced to 1-year or 3-year sampling based on their 90th percentile lead and copper sampling during their initial sampling period. Reduced monitoring has a second requirement of a seasonal sampling period:</p><p> </p><p><strong>Reduced</strong>: Jun 1 - Sept 30, analytical results are due to TCEQ no later than <strong>Oct 10</strong></p><p> </p><p><strong>The requirements for bottle type, preservation and chain of custodian:</strong></p><p>·Laboratories must deliver and accept only <strong>one-liter</strong><strong> unpreserved wide mouth laboratory-grade bottles</strong>. </p><p>·First-draw tap samples should be received at the laboratory within <strong>14 days after collection date </strong>so laboratories can preserve the samples. </p><p>·Laboratories cannot accept bottles for analysis without <strong>TCEQ Form 20683 -LCR Chain of Custody </strong>completely filled out and signed by the PWS representative. This form has the necessary information on it to determine first-draw samples and sampling sites or addresses.</p><p> </p><p><b>The requirements for sample analysis:</b></p><p> </p><p>Lead and copper samples MUST be analyzed by a laboratory that is accredited in the "Drinking Water" matrix using an EPA approved drinking water method shown below</p><p> </p><table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="54"> <p> </p> <p>Copper</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>EPA Methods</p> <p>200.5, Rev. 4.2</p> <p>200.7, Rev. 4.4</p> <p>200.8, Rev. 5.4</p> <p>200.9, Rev. 2.2</p> </td> <td width="108"> <p>ASTM Method</p> <p>D1688-90 A</p> <p>D1688-95 A</p> <p>D1688-02 A</p> <p>D1688-07 A</p> <p>D1688-12 A</p> <p>D1688-90 C</p> <p>D1688-95 C</p> <p>D1688-02 C</p> <p>D1688-07 C</p> <p>D1688-12 C</p> </td> <td width="249"> <p>Standard Methods</p> <p>3111 B – 18<sup>th</sup>-22nd eds.</p> <p>3111 B-99 (online ed.)</p> <p>3113 B - 18<sup>th</sup>-22nd eds.</p> <p>3113 B-99, B-04, B-10 (online eds.)</p> <p>3120 B – 18th-22nd eds.</p> <p>3120 B-99 (online ed.)</p> </td> <td width="110"> <p>Hach Methods</p> <p>8026, Rev. 1.2</p> <p>10272, Rev. 1.2</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="54"> <p>Lead</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>200.5, Rev. 4.2</p> <p>200.8, Rev. 5.4</p> <p>200.9, Rev. 2.2</p> </td> <td width="108"> <p>D3559-90 D</p> <p>D3559-96 D</p> <p>D3559-03 D</p> <p>D3559-08 D</p> </td> <td width="249"> <p>3113 B - 18<sup>th</sup>-22nd eds.</p> <p>3113 B-99, B-04, B-10 (online eds.)</p> </td> <td width="110"> <p>1001</p> </td> </tr> </tbody></table><p> </p><p> </p><h4>Please contact Ana-Lab for assistance. Ana-Lab is fully approved and accredited by EPA and other states to help you in your compliance efforts.</h4><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p> Wed, 09 May 2018 05:00:00 +0000 Ana-Lab Hires New President & CEO Mel Yarbrough <p><img class="fr-fin fr-dib" alt="Image title" src="/uploads/blog/97b08424efd68aec57ee523dab47ee14e834eefd.jpg" width="300"></p><p>Mel Yarbrough has been named as the new President and CEO of Ana-Lab Corp., the fifteenth largest environmental company in the nation.&nbsp; Yarbrough replaces Dr. Weldon McFarland who will continue to serve the company as Senior Scientist on a part-time, semi-retired basis.<br> <br> “After advertising the opening for a new leader for our company, we narrowed the search to four final candidates,” Dr. McFarland said.&nbsp; “The ultimate selection of Mel Yarbrough was due to his strong background in growing sales, revenues, and profitability.”&nbsp; Yarbrough has over 20 years of leadership experience in high-growth sales and marketing for both large and small companies, including Hoovers (Dun &amp; Bradstreet) and Handango. </p><p> </p><p>Yarbrough comes to Ana-Lab from his position as CEO for File &amp; ServeXpress, an industry-leading legal software and services company.&nbsp; While there, he developed corporate enterprise strategy and led all day-to-day operations and initiatives.</p><p> </p><p> Prior to his work at File &amp; Serve Xpress, Yarbrough served as COO at Towerstream (TWER) and took the company from being a small wireless Internet service provider to a nationally recognized, NASDAQ listed, 4G and WiFi mobile wireless service provider.&nbsp; By developing an improved sales and marketing platform for the company, he was able to increase new revenue in an impressive way;&nbsp; Towerstream’s annual revenue stream grew from approximately $6 million to over $32 million in roughly six years.&nbsp; </p><p> </p><p> </p><!--[if !supportLineBreakNewLine]--><p> “My background is in growing companies, and I’m excited about being here at Ana-Lab,” Yarbrough said.&nbsp; “This company has so much potential, and I’ve quickly learned that the people who work here really care about the company, about their clients, and about each other, too.&nbsp; We’re already doing a lot right, in terms of having integrity in our data and continually striving for improvement.&nbsp; That said, I can see some areas where we can make improvements that will be beneficial for all concerned.”</p><p> </p><p> A native of East Texas, Yarbrough grew up in Longview and is a graduate of Pine Tree High School.&nbsp; From there, he went to SMU for a bachelor’s degree in economics and business, followed by earning a law degree from Vanderbilt.&nbsp; Eventually, he turned his focus to business and has since enjoyed the challenges and rewards of helping businesses grow and become more profitable.&nbsp; </p><p> </p><!--[if !supportLineBreakNewLine]--><p> </p><!--[endif]--><p> </p> Mon, 30 Oct 2017 05:00:00 +0000 Ana-Lab Receives Customer Service Award <p><img alt="Image title" class="fr-fin fr-dib" src="/uploads/blog/d8dbf9a9987205d4b0f8dbc148fa9ab6ac0fcee6.JPG" width="300"></p><p>Ana-Lab Corp. has been notified that it is one of only fourteen (14) laboratories nationwide -- and the<em> only </em>Texas-based lab -- to earn the 2017 American Council of Independent Laboratories (ACIL) Customer Quality Service Award.&nbsp; Developed in 1996 to address the industry's quality issues and recognize those laboratories with exemplary quality performance, this award program provides laboratory data users with a mechanism to evaluate testing laboratories.&nbsp; </p><p><br></p><p> “Participants commit to ensuring data integrity, meeting customers’ quality needs, and setting performance standards for the testing laboratory industry,” said Marlene Moore, program administrator.&nbsp;</p><p><br></p><p> “No other evaluation program ranks customer satisfaction with laboratory services and requires laboratory management to commit to a data integrity program,” Ms. Moore said.&nbsp; “As recipients of the ACIL Customer Quality Service Award, laboratories have demonstrated commitment to quality and customer service.”</p><p><br></p><p> “This is Ana-Lab’s thirteenth time to receive the ACIL award,” said Dr. Weldon McFarland, Ana-Lab CEO.&nbsp; “This particular award means a lot to us because it is based on anonymous customer surveys, and those customers have apparently rated us highly once again.&nbsp; Data integrity and customer satisfaction are two of our big goals, so it’s gratifying to get affirmation that we’re on the right track.”</p><p><br></p><p> Based in Washington, D.C., ACIL is not affiliated with any institution, company, or trade group that might affect their ability to conduct investigations, render reports, or give professional, objective, and unbiased counsel.</p><p><br></p><!--[if !supportLineBreakNewLine]--><p><br></p><!--[endif]--><p><br></p> Fri, 06 Oct 2017 05:00:00 +0000 SFA Students Tour Ana-Lab Corp. <p><br></p><p><img alt="Dr. McFarland with SFA students" class="fr-image-dropped fr-fil fr-dib" src="/uploads/blog/b6e5d214df70ac22c322ff43c866c42d5224cac2.jpg" width="300"><img class="fr-image-dropped fr-fil fr-dib" src="/uploads/blog/ddfaf85a58bd16f190f082a730bd9edb6db6a2df.jpg" width="300">Thirty-two Environmental Science students from Stephen F. Austin State University (SFA) took tours of the lab facilities at Ana-Lab Corp. on Friday, September 22.&nbsp; Tours were directed by Ana-Lab’s CEO Dr. Weldon McFarland, as well as Lab Manager Will Boyd.&nbsp; Students were accompanied by Dr. Sheryll Jerez, an associate professor in the College of Forestry and Agriculture at SFA.<br><br> “My goal in bringing my students to Ana-Lab was to enhance their understanding of the different aspects of environmental sampling and analysis,” Dr. Jerez said.&nbsp; “My students said afterward that it was an enjoyable and informative experience for them, and I strongly concur.”<br><br> “We really enjoyed having the students visit us,” said Robyn Irving, Director of Communications and Public Relations for Ana-Lab.&nbsp; “They were very courteous and well mannered, which speaks well of them individually, and also represents SFA in a positive way.&nbsp; We were impressed!”<br><br> “Dr. Weldon (McFarland) and Will (Boyd) both told me that the students asked a lot of very good questions during the tour, and they (students) seemed truly interested and anxious to learn,” Mrs. Irving said.&nbsp; “It’s encouraging to know that we have a good number of young people who want to work to protect and preserve the environment.”<br><br> “I really liked getting to walk through the lab and seeing ‘behind the scenes,’ learning about how samples are tested,” said Sarah Hall, a sophomore from Spring.<br><br> “I enjoyed seeing all the different instruments and hearing about the tests that can be performed with them,” said Cooper Kirklin, a junior from Richardson.<br><br> “Seeing tests being run right in front of us was pretty cool,” added David Lee, a senior from Flower Mound.<br><br> “I especially liked being able to go into each section of the lab and see the track a sample would follow to be tested,” said Nicky Vermeersch, a sophomore from Garland.<br><br> “The tour experience was thorough, and the employees and tour guides were friendly and knowledgeable,” said Bobby Swien, a junior from Woodville.&nbsp; <br><br> The touring students are all taking a course called Environmental Measurements, according to Dr. Jerez.&nbsp; “It was very helpful for my students to see how sample analysis is done in the real world by professionals,” she said.&nbsp; <br><br><!--[if !supportLineBreakNewLine]--><!--[endif]--></p> Tue, 26 Sep 2017 05:00:00 +0000 Science Teachers Visit Ana-Lab Corp. <p><img alt="Image title" class="fr-fin fr-dib" src="/uploads/blog/c99f6ec2fd76057a120f830fa6fb1bf3591f00ed.jpg" width="300"></p><p><img alt="Image title" class="fr-image-dropped fr-fin fr-dib" src="/uploads/blog/ee304288d9cfdd65984335049d598d820a6ced31.jpg" width="300"><br></p><p>Twenty-six East Texas area science teachers, along with representatives from Ana-Lab Corp., Region 7 Education Service Center, Eastman Chemical Company, and Flint Hills Resources, took part in a four-day workshop for STI – Science Teachers &amp; Technology.&nbsp; This was the third year for the workshop, which was conducted Tuesday through Friday (July 18-21) and included visits to several East Texas industries and one landfill, according to Michelle Holyfield, event coordinator representing Eastman. Ms. Holyfield is Team Leader for Responsible Care and Compliance at Eastman.</p><p>“The workshop is designed to help 6<sup style="font-weight: lighter;">th</sup> through 12<sup style="font-weight: lighter;">th</sup> grade Texas educators learn about the importance of the chemical industry, as well as provide them with a balanced view of environmental issues and workforce opportunities in the industry,” Ms. Holyfield explained. “It also gives them activities related to chemistry that they can take back to their classrooms.”</p><p>The Ana-Lab portion of the four-day event was on Thursday and included lab tours and a catered lunch.&nbsp; The teachers and other guests were divided into three tour groups led by Ana-Lab employees.</p><p>Following the Ana-Lab lab tours and lunch, participants engaged in a question-and-answer session.&nbsp; “This was another group of strong, committed educators,” said Robyn Irving, Dir. of Communications for Ana-Lab Corp.&nbsp; “I appreciated their level of enthusiasm, and I thanked them for their commitment to the teaching profession.&nbsp; In my view, we can never thank teachers enough.”&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</p><p>Dr. Aaron Gardner, a secondary science teacher from Jacksonville ISD, said he gleaned a lot during the four-day event.&nbsp; “I enjoyed the hands-on projects, as well as the field trips to Eastman, Flint Hills, the landfill, and Ana-Lab,” Dr. Gardner said.&nbsp; “I learned some new aspects of chemistry and how it is used on a daily basis.&nbsp; This has been a very fascinating and educational experience.”</p><p>Dana Hill, a chemistry teacher from Harmony ISD, was also enthusiastic.&nbsp; “I really enjoyed seeing the application of what is taught in the classroom in a ‘real world’ setting.&nbsp; Seeing the lab operations and the use of equipment and science skills will help me answer that burning student question of ‘So when am I ever going to use this?’,” she said.</p><p>A New Diana teacher, Jeff Barrett, added, “It was great talking with the employees at the toured businesses.&nbsp; It will help me guide students who are interested in pursuing careers in the chemical industry.”</p><p>“As an educator, we don’t always experience the ‘real world’ application,” said Summer Willis of Cumberland Academy in Tyler.&nbsp; “Seeing all the opportunities for our students has been enlightening.&nbsp; It was also refreshing to see local people with varying levels of education being utilized.”</p><p>“This has been an excellent in-service,” said Loren Lykins of Carlisle ISD.&nbsp; “We’ve had great tours of production, manufacturing, and laboratory facilities, as well as informative presentations and hands-on activities provided by knowledgeable presenters.”</p><p>Teachers who completed the full four days will receive 27 hours of continuing education credit, Ms. Holyfield noted.&nbsp; Districts represented were Alba-Golden, Beckville, Carlisle, Cumberland Academy, Cushing, Harleton, Harmony, Hawkins, Henderson, Jacksonville, Kilgore, Longview, Marshall, Martinsville, Mineola, Nacogdoches, New Diana, New Summerfield, Pine Tree, Sabine, San Augustine, West Rusk, West Sabine, and Westwood.</p><p>“This year’s workshop has been very well received by the teachers,” Ms. Holyfield said. “I think the tours were especially impactful as the teachers could see the chemical industry and labs in person and talk to their employees about what they do.&nbsp; The teachers can now go back to their students and give them ideas about local career opportunities, many of which require only a two-year degree.”</p><p>“I’d like to thank the participating businesses for their help, and especially the staff at Region 7 ESC for once again doing an incredible job of hosting us at their conference center,” Ms. Holyfield added.</p><p><br></p><p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Fri, 21 Jul 2017 05:00:00 +0000 Ana-Lab Gives $5,000 Grants to Two Cities <!--StartFragment--><p>Two East Texas cities – Carthage and Maud – have each received a monetary award from Ana-Lab Corporation of Kilgore. The Charles H. Whiteside Municipal Grants, named for Ana-Lab’s founder, are $5,000 cash awards given to deserving cities based on a nomination and application process.</p><p><img class="fr-fin fr-dib" alt="Image title" src="/uploads/blog/a00fd1c351ad9d03794be2257b8e25052f1c0dbf.jpg" width="300"></p><p>Byron Roberts, superintendent over Water and Waste Water operations for the City of Carthage, accepted the award for Carthage on May 12.</p><p>“We so appreciate being selected to receive this money,” Roberts said upon being presented the check by Ana-Lab CEO Dr. Weldon McFarland. “We will use it to upgrade our ammonia system, and we also have repairs to do on our waste water security, so we’re going to get those done, too.”</p><p> </p><p>Carthage City Manager Steve Williams was one of several city employees on hand for the Carthage presentation, and he joined Roberts in thanking Ana-Lab. “Y’all know how it is,” he said to the Ana-Lab representatives, “the need for money never ends, and so many things related to this (water) industry are extremely expensive. This grant will definitely be helpful and will be used well for the benefit of Carthage.”</p><p> </p><p>Philip Hollis, a manager at Ana-Lab who has known and worked with Roberts for several years, was pleased with the selection of Carthage for the grant. “Byron is a great guy,” Hollis said. “He and his crew are very knowledgeable and easy to work with, and I’m glad they are getting this money.”<br><img class="fr-fin fr-dib" alt="Image title" src="/uploads/blog/72c33f24e1b738f508389c9c0ccac869f3ef1c82.jpg" width="300"><br><br></p><p> </p><p>Teresa Embry, Chief Waste Water operator for the City of Maud, was the person who submitted an application for the City of Maud after being nominated by Ana-Lab field scientist Troy White.</p><p> </p><p>“I nominated Teresa because she is top notch in every way,” White said. “She always goes above and beyond, even when I’ve known of personal circumstances that would have kept other people from continuing to work. Her dedication is extremely impressive, and I’m thrilled that she and the City of Maud are getting this grant money.”</p><p> </p><p>Dr. McFarland congratulated Ms. Embry during a grant presentation on May 17.</p><p> </p><p>“Your (Ms. Embry’s) application was very impressive, and I could tell you had put a lot of thought and effort into it,” Dr. McFarland said. “We know how expensive running a water system is, and we thought we’d – as a company -- give back a little bit to help. We trust this grant will be used to keep your system operating efficiently.”</p><p> </p><p>“To me, this is not just a job,” Ms. Embry told Dr. McFarland. “I have children and grandchildren in this town. I know how important clean water is, and I take pride in keeping our water clean.”</p><p> </p><p>“I was honored to be nominated, and even more honored to be chosen,” Ms. Embry said. “We always have needs, and they’re always expensive. This is so much appreciated, I’m really thrilled!”</p><p> </p><p>In addition to their checks, Dr. McFarland presented each recipient with a framed certificate to commemorate the occasion.</p><!--EndFragment--> Mon, 22 May 2017 05:00:00 +0000 Leadership changes announced <p>Ana-Lab Corp. has made a couple of changes in leadership since January 1, 2017...</p><p><br></p><p><img alt="Image title" class="fr-fin fr-dii" src="/uploads/blog/2d4126ad9f83191d162f8ef66674924f35561217.jpg" width="196"></p><p>Will Boyd has been named Laboratory Manager.&nbsp; Will has over 19 years of experience in all areas of the laboratory.&nbsp; Prior to his promotion, Will had been supervising the Metals Department and providing expertise to our wet-bench group.<br><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p><img alt="Image title" class="fr-image-dropped fr-fin fr-dii" src="/uploads/blog/b85e8d27c211a476d0a7c72f1371885f8be8c058.jpg" title="Image title" width="206"></p><p>Kathy Tarver has been named Login supervisor.&nbsp; "Kat," as she is known here at the lab, has over 17 years of experience and has been acting as the supervisor of Login for many years.&nbsp; She brings a wealth of information and experience to help our clients.</p> Wed, 01 Mar 2017 06:00:00 +0000 New Hi-Speed Internet for Ana-Lab Corp. <p>With a goal of providing the <i>best possible service</i> to our clients, Ana-Lab has recently installed our own fiber-optic Internet service at the company headquarters and lab in Kilgore, TX.</p><p> </p><p>We had always had limitations with our Internet services even with cable and T-1 lines.&nbsp; Thankfully, we have now gone “live” with the new fiber-optic service on most of our equipment and are converting the rest over as fast as we can.</p><p> </p><p>This new system gives us 100Mbs upload and 100Mbs download, which is a significant improvement over the service we have had in the past.</p><p> </p><p>Improving our system’s speed should allow our clients that use our LDS system to retrieve and review their data significantly faster.</p><p> </p><p>This is an investment in providing quality services to our clients, and it is a result of one of stated company goals:&nbsp; continual improvement.&nbsp; </p><p> </p><p>Don’t forget to explore our updated website <a href=""></a>.</p> Mon, 27 Feb 2017 06:00:00 +0000 Ana-Lab Wins Chili Cook-off! <!--StartFragment--><p><img class="fr-fin fr-dib" alt="Image title" src="/uploads/blog/c6f217e180b557a4e01a152fab1aa318f859c23a.jpg" width="300" title="Image title"></p><p>Time for a little Monday morning brag session! No, we didn't win the Oscars, but Ana-Lab Corp. DID win **1st place** in the Southwest Chapter 6th Annual ESOP Chili Cook-off against 15 other teams!</p><p>The chili contest was held Friday, February 24, in Irving, TX, and was sponsored by Inland Truck Parts &amp; Service. This was Ana-Lab's first time to take part, so it was especially gratifying to bring home the First Place win!</p><p>Note: For those unfamiliar with ESOP, it stands for Employee Stock Ownership Plan, which has to do with being an employee-owned company.</p><p>Hats off to the entire Ana-Lab team! Pictured standing (L-R) are Deric Nowlin, Elaine Tinkler, Scott Moss (chief chili cook), and Matthew Hardin. Also pictured is team mascot Sloan Moss, infant son of Scott. (The cute factor may or may not have given our team a slight edge with the judges...&nbsp;<span title="smile emoticon"><img alt="" class="fr-dii fr-fin" height="16" src="" width="16"></span>&nbsp;)</p><!--EndFragment--> Mon, 27 Feb 2017 06:00:00 +0000 Welcome to our web site! <p>In an effort to keep you up-to-date on Ana-Lab services and industry news, we have developed this new, responsive website.&nbsp; It is user-friendly and easily accessible via pc’s, smart phones, tablets, etc.</p><p>Please take time to explore the website and see what is now available.&nbsp; The Frequently Asked Questions <a href=""><u>(FAQ)</u></a> may be of special interest.</p> Tue, 21 Feb 2017 06:00:00 +0000 Denton School Contracts with Ana-Lab for Water Testing <!--StartFragment--><p><img alt="Image title" class="fr-image-dropped fr-image-move fr-fin fr-dib" src="/uploads/blog/dae6cfd36d4655b0b9cd2b5c4106fad0ff63ff24.jpg" width="415"></p><p><br> (Article from Denton Record-Chronicle, written by <em>CAITLYN JONES, reporter</em>)<br><br> Several area school districts tested their water fountains after Dallas and Fort Worth ISDs found elevated traces of lead in some of their lines.</p><p>Though the Environmental Protection Agency doesn’t advocate a “safe” amount of lead in water, it doesn’t require action until levels exceed 15 parts per billion, or .015 milligrams per liter.</p><p>Schools aren’t required by the agency to test water fountains but are encouraged to take action if levels reach 20 parts per billion.</p><p>When Denton ISD officials realized that fountains at Evers Park Elementary School were the same brand used in Fort Worth schools, they took water samples in October to check lead levels.</p><p>According to lab test results, the highest level found at Evers Elementary was .0032 milligrams per liter, well below the federal standard of .015 milligrams per liter.</p><p>The district also tested structures built during or before 1968 and found levels significantly below federal standards.</p><p>This included Ginnings Elementary School, Strickland Middle School, Stephens Central Administration Building, Denton High School, Calhoun Middle School, Special Education Services, Newton Rayzor Elementary School, Borman Elementary School and Wilson Elementary School.</p><p>Denton ISD spokesman Mario Zavala said the district contracted with Ana-Lab Corp. out of Kilgore and spent less than $1,000 on the testing. Because the levels were below EPA limits, Zavala said there are no plans for more testing in the near future.</p><aside style="box-sizing: border-box; display: flex; flex-wrap: wrap; justify-content: space-around; margin-top: 1.0625rem; color: rgb(53, 53, 53); font-family: "></aside><p>Bobby Cary, Krum ISD’s director of maintenance, said the district tested its fountains in September and found its levels below federal standards. Cary added that between 80 percent to 90 percent of the district’s fountains were replaced in 2005.</p><p>Argyle ISD Superintendent Telena Wright said the district’s maintenance department contracts with a lab in Denton and will be taking samples this week.</p><p>The push for testing came after Fort Worth ISD found high levels of lead in 28 schools over the summer and spent $800,000 replacing 500 fountains. District officials said some levels were as high as 88.9 parts per billion.</p><p>Dallas ISD also reported high levels of lead and copper in seven schools earlier this week. The highest concentration of lead found was 160 parts per billion.</p><p>According to the EPA, children consuming water with high levels of lead can cause damage to the brain, red blood cells and kidneys.</p><!--EndFragment--> Fri, 27 Jan 2017 06:00:00 +0000